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Natural Stone 101

Natural Stone 101

What is Natural Stone?

"Natural Stone" is a product of nature and it refers to several products quarried from the ground. It has been used over thousands of years to build monumental buildings, palaces, castles, and decorative enhancements.

Natural Stone Marble Quarry

There are many natural stone types including Marble, Granite, Slate, Onyx, Limestone, Travertine, Quartzite, Sandstone, etc..

Natural stone products are used in many projects including homes, hotels, offices, restaurants. Every single block or piece of natural stone is unique and that makes each project using natural stone - one of a kind.

Despite common belief, Natural Stone products are more durable than many other products on the market. It can last longer than most of the man-made products such as laminate, porcelain tile, etc. If you have a chance to visit Rome, Italy, you will see lots of marble and travertine used on historical grounds, buildings, sculptures, and walls for over 2000 years.


Types of Natural Stone

Marble is a metamorphic type of rock formed when limestone is exposed to high pressures and temperatures. It is the most known natural stone in the world and it defines luxury to many people. It has been used for interior and exterior applications of walls and floors. Consumers prefer to use marble for their countertops, bathrooms, kitchens, outdoor pavers, and pool copings and many other areas.

Calacatta Gold Marble tile

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Granite is a very hard rock, which means that it was formed from lava deep within the earth’s crust. When the lava cools, it crystallizes under huge pressure to form the granite. Granite is impossible to pass through surface and it is typically not affected by coffee, tea, alcohol, or wine. Therefore, it has been widely used as kitchen countertops for many years. Granite is incredibly hard and durable, that is why it’s a very popular building material. It is nearly impossible to scratch and proper cleaning will not stain under normal use.


Black and White Granite 



Travertine is a natural stone from Limestone family and one of the most popular natural stones for exterior and interior use. Travertine is deposited from mostly calcium and other minerals. It is mainly used for flooring, pool decks, patios, baths, and showers as well as exterior decor and building materials.


Silver Travertine Tile


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Limestone is a sedimentary rock, which was formed from small particles of rock or stone that have been compacted by huge pressure. Limestone is made by the accumulation of fossils of various marine organisms such as corals and mollusks. It has been widely used as a luxury item for kitchens, bathrooms, backsplashes, outdoor projects.


White limestone tile


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Sandstone is a sedimentary rock composed mainly of sand-size mineral or rock grains. It is mostly used for fireplaces, chimneys, patio benches and pools.

 Sandstone natural stone pool design



Slate is a type of gray metamorphic rock that is made up of quartz and other minerals. It is homogeneous, metamorphic rock which is often used for outdoor patio projects and outdoor wall covering such as stacked stone ledger panel.

Multi color slate for outdoor


Basalt stone is a volcanic type of stone, used in architecture for many years. Basalts mostly have a uniform grey shade. That is why they fit perfectly into modern contemporary designs of interiors and exteriors 

Basalt Gray 12x24 Honed Tile

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Onyx is mostly made of calcite and is formed in caves in several areas around the world. Onyx has been used by jewelers for centuries. Its unique appearance and elegant look make this stone one of the most luxurious stone for homeowners and designers. It has the richest colors ranging from red to yellow. The light can penetrate through some of the onyx stone which makes this stone very unique.


Honey Onyx tile


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